Electromagnetic Field Therapies: A Bibliography from Medline

Phil Rogers MVB MRCVS
1, Esker Lawns, Lucan, Dublin, Ireland
e-mail : philrogers@tinet.ie

5. Disorders of the Digestive, Genitourinary and Lung / Respiratory tract

5a. Digestive disorders

Filimonov RM, Lukich VL, Negrebova ZE, Denisova NA (1988) [The microwave EMF (2450 c) in the complex treatment of erosive gastroduodenitis in adolescents - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Mar;2:14-17. PMID: 3400160, UI: 88291245

Filimonov RM, Korolev IuN, Konicheva ER (1998) [An SHF EMF (460 MHz) combined with the preparation Tribimol in treating duodenal peptic ulcer associated with Helicobacter pylori - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Jan;1:23-25. 103 patients with uncomplicated duodenal ulcer were treated by a combination of epigastric exposure to EHF (460 MHz) EMF and administration of Tribimol. Clinical, endoscopic and morphological examinations, biochemical and imprint tests for Helicobacter pylori and intragastric pH-metry showed the method to be effective. It is recommended for combined treatment and rehabilitation of patients with duodenal ulcer associated with Helicobacter pylori. PMID: 9560998, UI: 98221769

Petrukhina LM, Iurchenko LG, Dedikova LG, Afanas'eva AA (1987) [Effect of a decimeter-wave EMF on the motor function of the stomach in gastroduodenitis in children - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Jan;1:54-56. PMID: 3577040, UI: 87207768

Shishkina TI, Ivanova NV, Ivanova VV (1994) [The efficacy of electromagnetic radiation in the millimeter range and of a low-frequency alternating magnetic field in combination with hyperbaric oxygenation in the treatment of peptic ulcer - Article in Russian]. Lik Sprava Sep;9-12:93-95. PMID: 7604598, UI: 95328314

5b. Genitourinary disorders

Gorpinchenko II (1995) [The use of magnetic devices in treating sexual disorders in men - Article in Russian]. Lik Sprava Mar;3-4:95-97. An effect was studied of appliances for magnetotherapy, such as <<Biopotenzor>>, <<Eros>>, <<Bioskan-1>>, on sexual function of 105 men presenting with sexual problems. A total of 96 sexological patients were examined according to a general programme, to study placebo-effect. The magnetic field beneficial effect was recordable in 70-80% of the men, that of placebo in 33%. Augmentation of sexual activity may be associated with an increase in cavernous bloodflow. Publication Types: Clinical trial PMID: 8819933, UI: 96417142

Grachev IuI, Voskresenskaia GA (1975) [Effect of a UHF electrical field on spermatogenesis in the treatment of epididymitis - Article in Russian]. Vestn Dermatol Venerol Feb;2:75-79. PMID: 1080314, UI: 75221008

Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C (1994) Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of pulsed EMFs (PEMF) on tissue trauma. Eur J Surg Suppl 574:83-86. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, California. Unusually effective and long-lasting relief of pelvic pain of gynaecological origin has been obtained consistently by short exposures of affected areas to the application of a magnetic induction device producing short, sharp, magnetic-field pulses of a minimal amplitude to initiate the electrochemical phenomenon of electroporation within a 25 cm2 focal area. Treatments are short, fasting-acting, economical and in many instances have obviated surgery. This report describes typical cases such as dysmenorrhoea, endometriosis, ruptured ovarian cyst, acute lower urinary tract infection, post-operative haematoma, and persistent dyspareunia in which pulsed magnetic field treatment has not, in most cases, been supplemented by analgesic medication. Of 17 female patients presenting with a total of 20 episodes of pelvic pain, of which 11 episodes were acute, 7 chronic and 2 acute as well as chronic, 16 patients representing 18 episodes (90%) experienced marked, even dramatic relief, while 2 patients representing 2 episodes reported less than complete pain relief. Publication Types: Clinical trial PMID: 7531030, UI: 95143572

Larina VN, Korzhova VV, Prilepskaia VN (1991) [Hemodynamics in the organs of small pelvis during complex treatment using EMFs in patients with tubal infertility of inflammatory etiology - Article in Russian]. Akush Ginekol (Mosk) Jul;7:69-71. Hydrotubation treatment of uterine tube impotency of inflammatory origin causes stubborn hemodynamic disorders in the small pelvis organs in many cases. These may be normalized after exposure to a permanent magnetic field (magnetophores). Multiple-modality treatment gave recovery of uterine tube patency in 50% of cases and pregnancy within 1 yr in 22.6% of cases. PMID: 1951978, UI: 92059806

Mel'nikova MM, Kunitsyna GA, Toroptsev ND (1983) [Use of a weak acoustic-frequency magnetic field in the complex treatment of diseases of the internal genital organs of women - Article in Russian]. Akush Ginekol (Mosk) Sep;9:55-57. Publication Types: Review PMID: 6359931, UI: 84077586

Suvorova NM (1977) [Treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases of the female genital system by means of direct magnetic field - Article in Russian]. Akush Ginekol (Mosk) Sep;9:62-63. PMID: 596569, UI: 78078626

Varcaccio-Garofalo G, Carriero C, Loizzo MR, Amoruso S, Loizzi P (1995) Analgesic properties of EMF therapy in patients with chronic pelvic pain. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 22(4):350-354. Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology II Clinic, Univ of Bari, Italy. In a prospective uncontrolled trial, 64 women with chronic refractory pelvic pain of at least 6 mo duration, resistant to standard therapies, had EMF therapy on both iliac regions by Thelf Systems apparatus. Therapy was twice/d for 2 h each for 20-40 d. Cases were reassessed after 3 mo. 39 cases (61%) had complete subsidence of pain; 15 patients (23%) had relief during treatment, then mild endopelvic tension at 3-mo; in 10 cases (16%) symptoms eased only during application hours, and were unchanged at follow-up. Treatment outcome was independent of pre-existent psychosocial variables. Magnetic therapy had a real analgesic effect on pelvic pain, and seemed to contribute to resolution of complex interactions between somatic nociceptive stimuli and psychosocial implications affecting pain perception in these patients. Publication Types: Clinical trial PMID: 8777794, UI: 96114165

Yang X, Jiang S, Kovacs A, Foote RH (1992) Nuclear totipotency of cultured rabbit morulae to support full-term development following nuclear transfer. Biol Reprod Oct;47(4):636-643. Dept of Animal Science, Cornell Univ, Ithaca, New York 14853-4801. The rabbit was used as a model for nuclear transfer. A critical step in nuclear transfer is oocyte activation, which was evaluated in this research. Optimal field strength of an electric stimulus for activation was examined. A significantly higher activation rate in all criteria tested was achieved when oocytes were activated electrically with a field strength of 2.4 kV/cm versus 1.2 or 1.8 kV/cm. Also, electrical stimulation with combined alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) was superior to DC stimulation alone for activation. In another study of 586 oocytes, exposure of oocytes to cytochalasin B for 1 h followed by activation with electrical stimulation significantly improved development of the oocytes to blastocyst stage compared to oocytes without cytochalasin B pre-exposure (38% vs 26%, p<.05). Cytochalasin B exposure alone (control), however, had no effect on activation. Exposing oocytes to activation medium without electrical stimulation also activated some oocytes. In the nuclear transfer experiment, blastomeres from 8-cell embryos cultured for 20-24 h to the 32-64-cell stage were used as nuclear donor cells. Of 491 oocytes used, 459 (93%) survived the enucleation and fusion procedure, 370 (81%) fused, and 284 (77%) developed into 2-4-cell embryos. A total of 243 of these 2-4-cell embryos were transferred to 15 pseudopregnant recipients and produced 8 young (3%). Although the efficiency was low, rabbit morulae cultured for 20-24 h to the 32-64-cell stage as nuclear donors for transfer remained totipotent. PMID: 1391351, UI: 93003925

Zaslavskii AOi, Markarov GS, Gelis IuS (1997) [Electromagnetic urological stimulator - Article in Russian]. Med Tekh May;3:42-43. The paper deals with an EM urological stimulator which generates a modulated low-frequency EMF of nonthermal intensity and its brief technical data. It presents a treatment regimen for urolithiasis and recommendations how to use the above therapeutic agent to stimulate urinary function in patients with urolithiasis in order to inoperatively eliminate urinary calculi and sand which form after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. PMID: 9312646, UI: 97397893

5c. Lung and Respiratory Function disorders

Alymkulov DA, Belov GV, Akhmetova MI (1996) [The correction of hypoxic damage to the pulmonary surfactant system of rats with extremely high-frequency EMFs - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Jan;1:9-11. 54 white rats were studied physically, histochemically and morphometrically for the effect of EHF EMF on repair of the lung surfactant system. The damage was inflicted by acute hypoxia existing at the altitude of 9000 m above the sea level simulated in a chamber. During this study, natural repair did not restore normal structure and function of the surfactant system, whereas daily 20-m exposures to millimetric waves on the chest stimulated repair on post-exposure day 1-5 and normalised all the physical and morphometric parameters. PMID: 8686231, UI: 96250978

Alymkulov DA, Toichieva FM, Saralinova GM, Leikina LF (1996) [The rehabilitative treatment of children with bronchial asthma - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Mar;2:13-15. Staged regimen of decimetric wave EM therapy and microclimate of high altitude salt mines were used in sanatorium treatment of children with bronchial asthma. Pretreatment with the above magnetic field induced positive changes in the reflex-segmental zone which reflected in better adaptation to the high altitude climate. The latter promoted beneficial rearrangement of respiratory function and cardiovascular system. PMID: 8928433, UI: 96376303

Danilenko SR (1997) [The efficacy in using an extremely high-frequency EMF in the combined treatment of chronic bronchitis patients - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Nov;6:16-18. Principles of using physiotherapeutic methods in patients with chronic bronchitis are outlined. Combined treatment including EMF of extremely high frequency (millimetric waves) was beneficial. PMID: 9484023, UI: 98145017

Danilenko SR, Shatrov AA, Gerasimovich OI (1995) [The efficacy of using an EMF of extremely high frequency (54-78 GHz) in treating patients with chronic nonspecific lung disease - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Nov;6:16-18. As part of a complex treatment of 154 patients with chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma, extra high frequency EMF-therapy was said to be very effective. PMID: 8713300, UI: 96308703

Demchenko EV (1988) [Use of a low-frequency alternating magnetic field in the complex treatment of patients with functional diseases of the larynx - Article in Russian]. Vestn Otorinolaringol May;3:42-47. PMID: 3212866, UI: 89101402

Matveeva LA, Tiuteva EIu (1993) [The differentiated treatment of obstructive bronchitis in children - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult Jul;4:12-14. Infants with bronchial obstruction (BO) received differentiated regimens of physiotherapy. Spastic BO was managed most successfully by a complex involving ultrasonic inhalation of broncholytics and sinusoidal modulated currents. In BO with a hypersecretory component the best results were achieved with combination of UHF EMF plus ultrasonic saline-alkaline inhalations given in 2 steps. PMID: 8236916, UI: 94055184

Pavliunina LD, Lomachenkov VD, Makeenkova LI (1990) [Use of UHF electrical field in combination with antitubercular agents in the treatment of patients with infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis - Article in Russian]. Probl Tuberk 2:29-32. The application of 40 and 60 W UHF electrical fields in a complex treatment of infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis with a predominantly exudative type of inflammation at early stages makes it possible to achieve higher rates of infiltration resolution; to promote, according to 6-mo cavity closure criterion, the increase of the treatment efficacy for 45.6 and 68.3%; to decrease the hospital period of treatment for 55+10 bed days; and to form minimum residual changes. With this physical factor the external respiration function improves. In infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis with a predominantly productive type of inflammation, the UHF therapy can exert a minor positive influence. PMID: 2345740, UI: 90265777

Sheina AN, Grigor'eva VD, Mitrofanova GF, Shishlo MA (1984) [Treatment of patients with chronic nonspecific respiratory diseases with decimeter-range EMF and pyrogenal - Article in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult May;3:31-34. PMID: 6474921, UI: 84301982

Solov'eva AS, Samtsov VS, Gorbach IN (1987) [Use of a constant magnetic field for increasing the effectiveness of chemotherapy in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis - Article in Russian]. Probl Tuberk 8:53-56. PMID: 3684991, UI: 88068448