Su-Jok Acupuncture in the Treatment of Bronchial Asthma

G. Sharafutdinova
Scientific-Research Institute of Phthisiology and Pulmonology of Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan
str. Alimova, 1
Tashkent 700086, Uzbekistan
e-mail: veda@saturn.silk.org

Introduction

One of the most perspective methods of alternative medicine is Su-Jok acupuncture - a system of reflexotherapy, which was elaborated by Prof. Park Jae Woo. Unlike classical acupuncture treatment by Su-Jok is accomplished solely on hand and foot which reflects the name of this method Su - hand, Jok - foot. In accordance with Su-Jok acupuncture system of highly active point's correspondent to all internal organs and parts of body are available on hand and foot. Stimulation of these points gives normalizing influence to the function of defeated organs. The points are composed in strict order, reflecting anatomical structure of body in diminished form. This is explained with the fact that hand and foot reflecting principles of hologram repeat physical structure of body, especially in comparison with their architectonic. Beside this, Su-Jok acupuncture allows to influence both psychoemotional sphere of patients and different symptoms of diseases, including the components of obstructive syndrome of bronchus using mini projection of meridians of body, which allow to provide distant management of them, efficiency of this being proved by instrumental methods. For treatment of bronchial asthma one might successfully use the theory 6 KI (six energies). If we look at components of obstruction of bronchus in accordance with this theory it is clear that inflammation is the excessiveness of energy of heat, productivity of sputum is excessiveness of energy of humidity and the spasm of nonstriated muscles of bronchus is excessiveness of energy dryness. Proceeding from this definite energy is sedated or stimulated both in structure of the meridian of Lung (P) (in classical acupuncture this is the main points of Five Elements), and in others meridians using the laws of acupuncture (mother and son, creation, anticreation). It is possible to determine the structure of syndrome of bronchus obstruction, except clinical symptoms based on analysis of sense of touch, since skin is managed by the meridian of lung. For example, if the patient feels annoying when touching wet things or water, it means the excessiveness of energy humidity in the structure of the lung meridian or hostility to the massage which proves the excessiveness of energy wind.

Aim of the study and method

The goal of our investigation was to evaluate the influence of Su-Jok acupuncture on the flow of asthma. We have investigated 149 patients, which suffered from asthma being age from 16 to 67. Diagnosis was verified on the basis of criteria of International Consensus of Asthma. For evaluation of the efficiency of the treatment we carried out calculated mathematical indexes of subjective and objective condition of patients and quantity of drugs needed. The degree of bronchial obstruction was investigated by the method of computer pneumotachometry with automatic analysis of proper data for loop "flow-volume" by "Pneumoscreen-II". Besides the monitoring of day peakflowmetry was provided. The degree of anxiety was tested Spilbergera-Hanina, availability of depression by test of National Institute of Mental diseases of USA. The availability of vegeto-cerebral dystony syndrome was defined by the test of Russian Center of Vegetative Pathology. For defining the condition of the adaptive system of the organism, leikogramma of blood was assessed.

All patients were divided into two groups: basic and control (86 and 63) correspondingly. Groups were classified according to their sex, age, duration of disease and the severity of flow.

In basic group the patients were undergone Su-Jok acupuncture for 30 minutes during two weeks along with pharmacology therapy in accordance with international asthma consensus. Su-jok acupuncture included the next points: 1) stimulation by microneedles of correspondent points of bronchial tree, cerebrum, spinal cord, diaphragm, adrenals 2) correction of disorders of function of meridian Lung and meridians which connect with it, take into consideration laws of acupuncture.

The efficiency of therapy was evaluated by above-mentioned dynamic of parameters and decreasing of flow severity, need of broncholitical drugs, as well as the improvement of maximal volume flow data on the level of large, middle and small bronchus. To estimate remote results we have made calculation for the necessity in hospital care before and after treatment in the same conditions for patients.

Results

Results were calculated by methods of variation statistics, authenticity differences being determined by criteria of t-Student.

During the period of observation in both groups we had positive dynamics of all parameters. But in the basic group an increase or decrease of all data was 1.5-2 times higher. Coefficiency of treatment, efficiency based on summarizing of all indexes in basic group turned out to be 2.64 against 1.48 in control group. As a whole, a quantitative estimation testified more significant improvement of common state of patients in basic group that led to more and fast achievement of state of stability and shortening the period of treatment.

The quantity of needed drugs - broncholitical row decreased in basic group from 8+2 inhalations per day to 2+1 (p<0.01). At the same time, in control group the decreasing of needed drugs was less - from 8+2 to 5+2 inhalations per day (p<0.5).

As for bronchospirography data we have to mention in particular, increase of maximal expiratory flow on the level of distal bronchus (which is usually regulated by vegetative nervous system) was higher a few times was higher than in control group. It is evident, that mechanism of bronchodilatation effect realization of Su-Jok acupuncture is aimed at distal bronchus and mediated through the vegetative nervous system. Peak flow of expiration increased every time after sitting for 10-20% in comparison with the original data before sitting. Analyzing remote results we revealed that patients before treatment needed hospital care every 8.21+0.7 month, and after Su-Jok the necessity was only after 14.36+0.87 month (p<0.001). In control group it was 9.15+1.43 and 9.50+1.39 accordingly (p>0.5). The patients undergoing Su-Jok in the period without exacerbation had a decrease of meteofeelling, increase of tolerance to colds and physical load. On the contrary in the control group we didn't have such indications.

By testing, we revealed significantly decrease of anxiety level, depression disappearance, reduction of syndrome of vegeto-cerebral dystony and normalization of adaptive mechanisms of patients with asthma.

Conclusion

Thus, a comparative analysis of above-mentioned data showed that Su-Jok acupuncture increases the efficiency of the treatment in patients with bronchial asthma.