Kritidou Thalia DDS,Dip.Ac

Acupuncture is a method of therapy which started 5.000 years ago in many countries of the world but the science was developed in China. In Acupuncture the diseases are treated by inserting needles in specific points of the body, the head and the limbs.

The therapeutic action of acupuncture can be attributed to various neurophysiological and biochemical mechanisms. Acupuncture causes the natural secretion of several endogenous substances in the human organism, depending on the specific needs. These substances can be:

a. Endorphins á, â, ã.
b. Encephalins (Leucine , Methionine)
c. Dynorphine

a. Catecholamines (Adrenaline (Adr), Noradrenaline, Dopamine (DA))
b. Acetyl-choline (Ach)
c. Serotonin (S-Ht)

a. Androgen (testosterone - testicles)
b. Oestrogen (ovaries)
c. Cotrizole-Cortizone
d. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
e. Prostaglandin (A, D, E, F)

The subject of this presentation is particularly concerned with the catecholamines - which are the neurotransmitters of the Sympathetic Nervous System, noradrenaline in particular, and the acetyl-choline - which is the neurotransmitter of the Parasympathetic Nervous System. The normal performance of these two competitive poles of the Phytic Nervous System, i.e. of the Sympathetic and the Parasympathetic ensures the normal functioning of the organism.

According to the traditional Chinese Medicine: The Sympathetic system is represented by Yang(+) and the Parasympathetic by Inn(-). The Chinese say that when these two equal and opposing forces, the Inn and the Yang, i.e. the negative and the positive loads of the body, are in harmonic balance, then the organism is in health. When this harmony is interrupted, then diseases occur.

The attitude of dental phobia and its stress is a typical case of disruption of this balance that appears by several bodily and phytic reactions.

Because phobia and stress are accompanied by an increase in the sympathetic tone (in various intensities per case) which results in the secretion of equivalent quantity of catecholamines and Cortisole/Cortisone (suprarenal glands) and ACTH (hypophysis).

Some of the results caused by Catecholamines are:

Acupuncture is a therapeutic system that brings balance to every disharmony of the organism. In the present case, by acupuncturing the right points of the body the receptors of the Parasympathetic are stimulated which results into the secretion of Acetyl-choline which opposes noradrenaline. As a result we have an increase in the tone of the Parasympathetic which creates the opposite symptoms:

Acetyl-choline causes

At the same time there is an endorphin-encephalin secretion with relevant sedative action, euphoria, etc.

Thus the pain threshold rises. Finally the feeling of phobia and stress is lifted, the patient becomes calm and relaxed, he co-operates and leaves the dentist completely contented.

Phobia, stress and possibly an accompanying dental pain can create a vicious circle. If we eliminate one or more elements of this vicious circle we have a complete reversal of its power with positive results both for the patient and the dentist.

A typical treatment of such cases is through tranquillisers, and mild handling together with psychological support. But we all know the difficulties involved in the subject cases, particularly when children are concerned. Tranquillisers last as long as the chemical effect producing also the familiar side effects, which constitute the most significant disadvantage of the pharmaceutical treatment.

With acupuncture we can treat these problems very efficiently during every session, and in more severe cases we can proceed to a more radical cure, depending on the causes, the extent and the intensity of the problem.

The advantages of the method are:

The Treatment Procedure by acupuncture is as follows:
The patient is examined according to the Eastern Medical thought, the exact reason for his problem is located and its extension is evaluated. The therapeutic form is chosen according to the relevant findings. The therapeutic forms may vary from the point of view of the needle insertion position points, the needle stimulation practice, the needle total number and the number of the sessions required. In a ordinary case of stress and muscular constriction, 1 - 2 sessions are adequate and the number of needles varies from 8 to 10. In serious cases of phobia 5 to 10 sessions are required so that both a good co-operation with the patient and a radical treatment of the problem can be achieved. Even after the first session we can get a positive result.


According to Eastern Medicine phobia and stress create a disorder of the energy system H-K which is known to belong to the Chao-Inn level. Phobia and stress in general are due to Deficiency-shortage of these two organs. This shortage can be caused by:
a) Blood deficiency-shortage resulting in reduced energy feeding to H.
Symptoms: extrasystoles, sweating.
b) K-Inn shortage.
When there is shortage of the Inn root of the Kidney, the H water is insufficient to put off the H fire (in the catastrophe cycle of the 5 elements) as a result the H fire rises.
Symptoms: Palpitation, vertigo, tinnitus
c) H-Yang shortage.
When there is shortage in the Yang of the H, the K water stops the K (internal cycle of the 5 elements) and we get wet phenomena in the «Fire» area of the organism.
Symptoms: Uneasiness, palpitation, thirst, chest constriction.
d) Emotional shock
An intense fear or injury can harm the GB and according to the law of the 5 elements (productive cycle) they can also harm the H.
Symptoms: Shivers, uneasiness, nightmares.


We use the points Shu-Mu H-K-GB and the Meridian points P, H.

In cases of persons with special needs we add also
34 GB = Specific muscle and tendon point for muscle relaxation.

Apart Body-Acupuncture we can also apply Ear-Acupuncture.
In Ear Acupuncture we can use regular needles or hypodermic small needles (small tacks) or magnetotherapy (small magnets). Hypodermic needles and magnets remain on the chosen points for 1 - 2 weeks, depending on the case.

The otic points are as follows:

Main points according to the Chinese
Lobe point (antifear)
Cortisole points

Auxiliary points according to Nogier
3rd jaw point
1 eye
24 Allergy
4 L
26 Synthesis
6 S
17 Aggressiveness
9 Sp
19 skin
O zero

For children instead of needles we can use MOXA, Magnetotherapy or Laser (Soft Laser He-Ne gas 632 nM, power 1,5 mW, intensity 3 A or Laser Ga-As semiconductors 910 Nm, power 5 mW, intensity 3 A. They are absolutely safe to use.

If Phobia and stress are accompanied by dental pain we add also specific or general tranquillising points such as : 4 LI, 11 LI ,36 S ,44 S ,6 or 7 S

There is absolutely no risk for AIDS or any other infection. The needles are disposable and there is no pain.



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Translation by Mina Zografou, Athens 1952.

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«Notes of the 1st & 2nd School Year»

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Translation by Stylianoudis, Pyrinos Kosmos

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9, Mic. Apostolakis «Rudiments of the Human Physiology - Nervous System» Thessaloniki 1995


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3. Bai Xinghua "Chinese Auricular Therapy"

4. Siao Shun-fa "Head Acupuncture"

5. P.M.F. Nogier "Auriculotherapy"

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William Heinemann Books, London 1974.

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20. Lewith T. George, 1985 "Modern Chinese Acupuncture"

21. Nogier Paul, 1969 "Treatise of Auriculotherapy"

Announced at 1st Balkan Dentist Convention Thessaloniki - Greece , 28 - 31 March 1996
Correspondence to : Kritidou Thalia , 14 Them. Sofouli str. , Thessaloniki , Greece , Tel:+30 31 421307